Ben-Aharon, Yitzhak

(formerly Nussbaum)
(1906-2006)
   Israel Labor Party cofounder and ideologist; early His-tadrut leader. He was born Yitzhak Nussbaum in the Suczawa district of Bokovina in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (present-day Romania). He joined Hashomer Hatzair at 14, studied political science at Berlin University, and returned home to become Hashomer leader in 1925. He immigrated to Palestine in 1928, where he became one of the founders of Kibbutz Givat Haim in 1933. In 1935, he was sent by Hehalutz to Germany to help rescue as many Jews as possible, but he was arrested and expelled by the Nazis. In 1938-39, he was secretary of Mapai. In 1940, he volunteered for service with the British army, was captured in Greece, and spent four years as a prisoner of war. Released in 1945 and demobilized from the British army, he became one of the leaders of Ahdut Haavoda and of Mapam. Ben-Aharon was a signatory of Israel's Declaration of Independence. He represented Mapam in the first and second Knessets, Ah-dut Haavoda from the third to the fifth Knessets, and Maarach (see ALIGNMENT [MAARACH]) in the seventh and eighth Knessets. From 1956 to 1962, he served as minister of transport, and from 1969 to 1973, he was secretary general of the Histadrut. As head of the Histadrut, he admitted Arab workers for the first time and lambasted Golda Meir and her government for allegedly abandoning their socialist roots. Analysts have attributed the Israel Labor Party's 1968 unification to the malaise identified in his seminal 1963 essay "The Courage to Confront the Coming Calamity." Following the Yom Kippur War (1973), Ben-Aharon called for a unilateral withdrawal from the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967. He retired from active politics in 1977 and was the subject of a documentary film, No Regrets, in 1991. In 1995, he was awarded the Israel Prize. In November 2005, at the age of 98, he endorsed the candidacy of Histadrut leader Amir Peretz in the Israel Labor Party leadership competition against Shimon Peres.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ben-Aharon, Yitzhak — ▪ 2007 Yitzhak Nussboim        Israeli politician (b. July 17, 1906, Bukovina territory, Austria Hungary [now in Romania] d. May 19, 2006, Kibbutz Givat Haim, Israel), as an influential and often controversial member of Israel s political left… …   Universalium

  • BEN-AHARON (Nussenbaum), YITZḤAK — (1906– ) Israeli labor leader and politician. Member of the First to Fifth, Seventh and Eighth Knessets, on behalf of Mapam, Aḥdut ha Avodah Po alei Zion, and the Alignment lists. Ben Aharon was born in Zoinitza, then Austrian Bukovina. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yitzhak Ben-Aharon — MKs Date of birth = 17 July 1906 Year of Aliyah = 1928 Date of death = 19 May 2006 Knesset(s) = 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th Party = Alignment Former parties = Mapam, Ahdut HaAvoda Gov t roles = Minister of Transport Yitzhak Ben Aharon ( he …   Wikipedia

  • Ben-Aharon — Family name name = Ben Aharon imagesize= caption= pronunciation = meaning = son of mountaineer region =Hebrew origin =Hebrew related names =Aarons, Aaronson, Aaronsohn, Aron footnotes=Ben Aharon is a patronymic surname most commonly found in… …   Wikipedia

  • Yitzhak Ben-Aharon — one of the leaders of the Labor movement, former secretary general for the Histadrut …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Jesaiah Ben-Aharon — Yeshayahu (Jesaiah) Ben Aharon (born 1955, Israel) is an Israeli philosopher who founded the kibbutz Harduf, Israel. He is married and has two children. He teaches, writes and lectures worldwide on the evolution of human consciousness in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Aharon (given name) — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Aharon imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender =Masculine meaning = mountaineer , or mount of strength . region =Hebrew origin = related names =Aaron, Ahron, Aron footnotes = Aharon is masculine given name… …   Wikipedia

  • BEN-ELIEZER, BINYAMIN — (Fuad; 1936– ), Israeli military commander and politician, member of the Eleventh to Sixteenth Knessets. Ben Eliezer was born in Basra in Iraq and immigrated to Israel on his own in 1950, when he was only 13. During the Six Day War he served as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • David Ben-Gurion — Ben Gurion redirects here. For other uses, see Ben Gurion (disambiguation). David Ben Gurion דָּוִד בֶּן גּוּרִיּוֹן 1st Prime Minister of Israel In office 2 November 1955  …   Wikipedia

  • Avraham Aharon Price — Rabbi Abraham Aharon Price (1900 1994) was a world renowned Torah scholar, writer, educator, and a community leader in Toronto. He was one of the city s most influential rabbinic figures. Community leader In his book, the Jewish Community in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.